For thousands of years Southern elephant seals were hunted for their oil; however, hunting is currently regulated by the International Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals. Image ID: 03505 Species: Elephant seal, Mirounga angustirostris Location: Guadalupe Island (Isla Guadalupe), Baja California, Mexico Bull elephant seal exits the water to retake his position on the beach. Its population is thought to be stable. The southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) is the largest species of seal in the world. - The elephant seal, once near extinction after hunters slaughtered it indiscriminately in the last century, has now become such a prolific breeder that it is colonizing the beaches of California. Male seals can weigh up to 4.5 tons. The students love it!" Adult males typically reach 4.5 m and a maximum of 5.8 m in length, and weigh 1,500–3,000 kg, with a maximum weight of about 4,000 kg. hide. Regarding appearance, they are characterized by having brown to gray coloration with numerous … A few years later, when elephant seals began appearing in southern California waters, the United States gave the seals the same protection. Elephant seals are listed under the International Union for the Conservation of Nature as being of least concern. Elephant seals come ashore twice a year for breeding and molting, ... "My class adopts an endangered animal every year. Habitat loss, deforestation, and fragmentation, as well as poaching, threaten the survival of the Sumatran elephant. Settings. 1. The female elephant seals and the male elephant seals have different hunting routines. In the not too distant past, elephant seals were highly endangered. Are Elephants Endangered? The leopard seal is earless, about 10 to 12 feet long (females slightly larger than males), weighs between 800 and 1000 pounds, and always seems to be smiling because the edges of its mouth curl upward. Elephant seals in Antarctica are a fantastic sight to behold on any trip to Antarctica and one of the region’s most unique and recognisable species. Elephant evolution. Sometimes, recovering an endangered species is exceedingly complicated, involving habitat protection and restoration, captive breeding and other intensive efforts. The Southern Elephant Seal is the largest pinniped species. Warning: Choking Hazard - Adoption plushes contain small parts not for children under 3 years. They are dark grey immediately after moulting, fading through the year to a rusty greyish brown. When it was known that some elephant seals still survived, Mexico granted the species official protection in 1922. 1] Elephant Seals were hunted to the brink of extinction by the end of 19th century but numbers have since recovered. Visit one of the rookeries during the winter birthing and breeding season for an amazing nature experience. I pick an animal that I can fit into my curriculum. They are actually doing very well. no comments yet. Northern elephant seals are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act and are not considered endangered or threatened. The northern elephant seal is yellowish or gray-brown, and the southern is blue-gray. report. save. 0 comments. Be the first to share what you think! Is The Southern Elephant Seal Endangered? The southern elephant seal is not endangered, and its conservation status is ‘Least Concern’. 0:00. The leopard seal is large, but smaller than the elephant seal and walrus. Males of both species attain a length of approximately 6.5 metres (21 feet) and a weight of about 3,530 kg (7,780 pounds) and are much larger than the females, which grow to 3.5 metres and weigh 900 kg. Currently, NOAA lists 22 coral species as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. Elephant Seals are not endangered. Populations of northern elephant seals in the U.S. and Mexico were all originally derived from a few hundred individuals surviving in Mexico. Their blubber was rendered to oil, which was used in paint, soap and candles. Their most outstanding feature is the inflatable proboscis (snout) which reaches full development in adult males, and is thought to increase the effectiveness of the bull elephant seal's roar. As a result, the population of northern elephant seals is … Elephant seals haul out to molt at different times based on age and gender, so you can always see some elephant seals at the rookeries. Elephants need extensive land areas to survive and meet their ecological needs, which includes food, water, and space. The average lifespan of a northern elephant seal is nine years while an elephant seal living in the Antarctic region can live from 20 to 22 years. The females hunt in an open ocean while the male elephant seals search for food on The elephant seal (genus Mirounga) is the world's largest seal.There are two species of elephant seals, named according to the hemisphere in which they are found. It was sold and processed into high-quality lamp and machine oil. Elizabeth Michigan. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora . To save them, the Mexican government gave protected status to northern elephant seals in 1922. They were once thought to be extinct after … Adult females are similar in size and weight to Northern Elephant Seal females weighing 350–600 kg with exceptionally large Southern elephant seal pups are more vulnerable to predation, and have to steer clear of leopard seals and New Zealand sea lions. They are critically endangered according to IUCN. Mexico officially protected the species in 1922, with the United States following a few years later. The elephants possess 20 pairs of ribs and differ from the other two Asian elephant subspecies in having a lighter skin color. The males have an inflatable proboscis, which gives the name 'elephant seal', though the proboscis is only fully developed in adult males. share. A northern elephant seal hovers underwater over a rocky bottom along the coastline of Guadalupe Island. Blubber had also been used by indigenous people such as the Inuit to light stone oil lamps called quilliqs.. By the turn of the century, the scarcity of elephant seals and the arrival of alternative fuels such as petroleum-based products made blubber-based oils obsolete. The U.S. then followed Mexico’s lead and granted protections to the newly returned elephant seals. Harbor, ringed, ribbon, spotted and bearded seals, as well as northern fur seals and Steller sea lions live in the Arctic region. Elephant seals, are endangered, and super cute! For much of the year, elephant seals exist in far offshore waters, and commonly swim to depths of more than 5,000 feet below the ocean's surface (Marine Mammal Center 2013). Elephant seals are not endangered today, but like fur seals, they were once the target of sealers. An Antarctic cruise is an icy safari, with many different species of animals to observe. When elephant seals hauled out, they were easy to harvest. View Entire Discussion (0 Comments) CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation . Distinguished by their long trunks and huge bodies, elephants are considered to be the largest known living land animal in the world. 100% Upvoted. Nonetheless, elephant seals are still prone to entanglement in marine debris, collisions of sea vessels, and interactions with fishing industries. The largest of all land beasts, elephants are thundering, trumpeting six-tonne monuments to the wonder of evolution. Sort by. Elephant Seal Hunting Habits. 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