ESA Sentinel-2 data was also used to detect likely flooded areas at Honduras’ San Pedro Sula airport.  The Program can take the landslide and flood detection data, then combine it with openly available population data and road maps, and deliver actionable guidance to local decision makers on where to best direct their response efforts. GPM data is archived at https://pps.gsfc.nasa.gov/, Hurricane Eta (a Category 1) on 11/4/2020 at approximately 5:25Z. The areas covered include the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. Theta — the 29th named storm of the Atlantic season — breaks the record for the highest number of tropical/subtropical storms in a single year. At a … Scientists at NOAA’s Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory and the Satellite Data and Information Service were able to get wave height information into the hands of forecasters using new instrumentation like the Ka-band Interferometric Altimeter. According to Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, a major hurricane, Category 3 or higher, has winds beginning at 111 miles per hour. Within a day and a half, Iota’s wind speeds increased by 160 kilometers (100 miles) per hour. It's chilling, even from space." The most catastrophic Atlantic storm of 2020 was Hurricane Eta, which made landfall in northern Nicaragua on November 3 as a category 4 storm with 140 mph winds. In general, one November hurricane can be expected in the Atlantic basin every three or so years. 1 of 4. The season featured a total of 31 (sub)tropical cyclones, all but one of which became a named storm. Twelve named storms made landfall in the continental U.S. during 2020. Iota’s eye was visible and surrounded by powerful thunderstorms. By Linda Lam and Chris Dolce September 29, 2020. This historic hurricane season saw record water levels in several locations, including the Gulf Coast where Hurricane Sally brought the highest observed water levels since Hurricane Katrina in 2005 to Pensacola, Florida. NOAA’s National Ocean Service stations recorded this data using the Coastal Inundation Dashboard, a tool to observe real-time water levels during a storm. These included warmer-than-average Atlantic sea surface temperatures and a stronger west African monsoon, along with much weaker vertical wind shear and wind patterns coming off of Africa that were more favorable for storm development. With less than a month remaining in the Atlantic hurricane season, the formation of Subtropical Storm Theta on November 10 over the northeastern Atlantic Ocean made the 2020 season the most active on record. NASA’s Earth Applied Sciences Disasters Program supports disaster response and risk reduction efforts throughout the world — before, during, and after disasters strike – and is working to aid Central America with the impacts from these storms. Facebook. MUR incorporates temperature data from multiple NASA, NOAA, and international satellites, as well as ship and buoy observations. Iota is the strongest hurricane and 30th named storm of the 2020 Atlantic season, the most since modern record keeping began (breaking the previous record of 28 set in 2005.) On November 16 at 1 p.m. EDT, NOAA’s National Hurricane Center (NHC) issued hurricane warnings for large portions of coastal Nicaragua and Honduras as the storm approached landfall. The multi-agency collaboration is assisting local governments in Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala, El Salvador, Belize, Costa Rica, and Panama. Hurricanes during November are rare events, but they do occur and they can be deadly. Of the 16 tropical storms or hurricanes to hit the U.S. on or after Halloween in the past 180 or so years, it appears that all but one followed this trend. The extremely active 2020 Atlantic hurricane season is drawing to a close with a record-breaking 30 named storms and 12 landfalling storms in the continental United States. These visualizations depict the GPM satellite pass about seven hours after Hurricane Eta made landfall on the coast of Nicaragua as a category 4 storm. Eta was a Category 4 storm with 140-mph winds when it landed in Nicaragua on Nov. 3 before ripping a wide path of destruction through Honduras and Guatemala. With up to 155-mph winds, Hurricane Iota smashed record books on Nov. 16 as the strongest hurricane ever recorded to make landfall in Nicaragua. Again, Nicaragua was the most prepared country in the region. The top 5 November major hurricanes on record by wind speed: • 1932: Cuba, 175 mph • 2020: Iota, 160 mph • 1999: Lenny, 155 mph • … FILE - In this Nov. 6, 2020 file photo, a resident walking through a flooded street looks back at storm damage caused by Hurricane Eta in Planeta, Honduras. Climate change is causing hurricanes that make landfall to take more time to weaken, reports a study published 11th November 2020 in the journal … Last month’s heat also added to a warm stretch so far for 2020, ranking the year to date as the nation’s fourth warmest, according to scientists at NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI). (NOAA National Weather Service), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Track active weather with NOAA’s new radar viewer, Dr. Michael R. Farrar is new director of National Centers for Environmental Prediction. The Program is also working with U.S. Southern Command to provide situational awareness for potential emergency humanitarian assistance. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) GOES-16 satellite (one of many geostationary NOAA satellites developed and launched by NASA) captured a natural-color image on Nov. 16 at 10 a.m. local time when the storm was at its peak strength. 1 of 7. Current NHC forecasts indicate Eta will move northwest over Central America then head northeast across the Caribbean Sea, threatening Cuba and Florida early next week. “As we correctly predicted, an interrelated set of atmospheric and oceanic conditions linked to the warm AMO were again present this year. Tue 10 Nov 2020 04.28 EST The annual record for the number of major storms forming in the Atlantic has been shattered, with Subtropical Storm Theta … It also marked the first time that two hurricanes have formed in the Atlantic in any November. The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Core Observatory satellite flew over Hurricane Eta at 11:41 p.m. CT on Tuesday, Nov. 3 (0541 UTC Wednesday, Nov. 4). While the official hurricane season concludes on November 30, tropical storms may continue to develop past that day. As many November tropical cyclones do, it formed in the … 23rd November 2020 Today’s Round-Up of Climate News. Nicaragua and Central America just got slammed by the second hurricane in two weeks, with Hurricane Iota, the strongest in history to hit Nicaragua when it made landfall just 15 miles south of where Hurricane Eta made landfall less than two weeks ago. By Michael Carlowicz, with scientific interpretation from Timothy Hall of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. [Written by NOAA] November 2020 was very warm and quite dry for the United States as the Atlantic’s extremely active hurricane season came to a close. By CLAUDIO ESCALON and MARÍA VERZA November 24, 2020 GMT. Iota is the strongest hurricane and 30th named storm of the 2020 Atlantic season, the most since modern record keeping began (breaking the previous record of 28 set in 2005.) The number of major hurricanes nearly matched the record of seven set during the 2005 season, according to NOAA. Of the 30 named storms, 13 developed into hurricanes, and six further intensified into major hurricanes, with one, Hurricane Iota, attaining Category 5 strength on the Saffir–Simpson scale. FILE - In this Sept. 12, 2018 photo provided by NASA, Hurricane Florence churns over the Atlantic Ocean heading for the U.S. east coast as seen from the International Space Station. GPM observed the storm’s rainfall with its two unique science instruments: the GPM Microwave Imager (GMI) and Dual-frequency Precipitation Radar (DPR). Additionally, three hurricanes — Isaias, Laura, and Sally — passed within range of NOAA’s hurricane ocean gliders this year, capturing invaluable ocean data below the storms while hurricane hunter planes captured atmospheric data above. by Panopticon | Nov 23, 2020 | Climate | 0 comments. As of Thursday, the 2020 season tallied 30 named storms, including 13 hurricanes, of which six were major hurricanes. Iota made landfall at 10:40 p.m. EDT as a Category 4 hurricane with maximum sustained winds near 155 mph (250 kph) along the northeastern coast of Nicaragua near the town of Haulover, about 30 miles (45 km) south of Puerto Cabezas. Improved forecasts, extensive preparedness helped protect lives and property. Thirty named storms formed in the Atlantic, which breaks the previous record of 27 set in 2005. The list of 30 named storms that have occurred during the 2020 Atlantic Hurricane Season as of November 24, 2020. Storm Iota unleashes devastating floods in Central America Nov. 18, 2020 … NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Stay vigilant and make sure your family is Weather-Ready. This vital oceanic data allowed forecasters to help mariners avoid dangerous situations at sea. In the case of Eta and Iota, the Program is using imagery and data from Earth-observing satellites to provide scientific analysis to Guatemala’s National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction and is working with the Coordination Center for Disaster Prevention in Central America. November 24, 2020 The extremely active 2020 Atlantic hurricane season is drawing to a close with a record-breaking 30 named storms and 12 landfalling storms in the continental United States. Hurricane Eta (a Category 1) over Nicaragua on 11/4/2020 at approximately 5:25Z. Astronaut Alexander Gerst, who shot the photo, tweeted: "Ever stared down the gaping eye of a category 4 hurricane? “Our investments in research, forecast models, and computer technology allowed forecasters at the National Weather Service, and its National Hurricane Center, to issue forecasts with increasing accuracy, resulting in the advanced lead time needed to ensure that decision makers and communities were ready and responsive.”. Learn more about how NASA is aiding response efforts for Eta and Iota, By Jacob Reed Part of the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Iota was the latest Atlantic hurricane to attain Category 5 intensity and only the second Category 5 Atlantic hurricane to occur within the month of November on record—the other being the 1932 Cuba hurricane. (NOAA), Animated satellite imagery of the named storms that occurred during the 2020 Atlantic Hurricane Season (May 13 through November 18). Note: Satellite animation video runs from May 13 through November 18, 2020. November 3, 2020 By WeatherBug Meteorologists The nip that develops in the air, the holiday season rolling onto the calendar and the increase in fall foliage often leave few thinking about tropical storms or hurricanes in November. Twitter . The 13 hurricanes and 6 major hurricanes in 2020 are both the second most on record behind 2005 (15 and 7, respectively). Ocean temperatures must be near or above 27° Celsius (80.6 Fahrenheit) to sustain a tropical cyclone. Moving very slowly at landfall, Eta lingered for three days over Central America and the adjacent waters, dropping catastrophic amounts of rainfall in excess of 20 inches in some regions. However, the last month of the Atlantic basin season, typically less busy than September and October, can produce tropical systems. NASA and NOAA covered the storm with an array of Earth-observing instruments. For only the second time in history, the Greek alphabet was used for the remainder of the season, extending through the 9th name in the list, Iota. November 19, 2020. This increased hurricane activity is attributed to the warm phase of the Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO) — which began in 1995 — and has favored more, stronger, and longer-lasting storms since that time. Credit: NASA’s Scientific Visualization Studio. Iota developed on Nov. 13 and strengthened to a hurricane two days later. Capturing atmospheric data this season was no small feat, as forecasters and researchers relied on the heroic efforts of NOAA and U.S. Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunters to provide invaluable data during this record-setting season. The interactive map above shows some highlights of key data products the Disasters Program is using. Specifically, the Program is sharing products such as those (and others in the NASA Disasters Mapping Portal) in frequent coordination meetings to help quantify flood and landslide risk in the region. The onslaught of destructive winds and heavy rainfall was unfortunately familiar to a region that recently suffered another Category 4 landfalling storm – Hurricane Eta – just two weeks earlier. Iota reached Category 5 strength before making landfall as a Category 4 storm near the town of Haulover, Nicaragua. This visualization focuses on the high precipitation southwest of Eta’s eye. The 2020 Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30. Hurricanes in November, rare as they may be, are a real possibility -- and they can be bad, like the latest and strongest hurricane to ever strike the U.S. during the second-to-last month of the year. Eta is the 28th named storm of 2020 which beats the 2005 record for the most named storms in a single hurricane season. The Atlantic hurricane season officially ends November 30, but storm activity in the tropics can sometimes continue beyond that date. November 26, 2020 at 11:00 a.m. UTC SAN PEDRO SULA, Honduras — Blanca Costa crouched on a wooden cart with her three daughters under … Worst November storms. (See 27 Storms: Arlene to Zeta for a summary of the 2005 hurricane season). In total, the 2020 season produced 30 named storms (top winds of 39 mph or greater), of which 13 became hurricanes (top winds of 74 mph or greater), including six major hurricanes (top winds of 111 mph or greater). — Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (@cleanenergyorg) November 11, 2020 On Wednesday, scientists from the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology published a new study in Nature that concluded: Such active eras for Atlantic hurricanes have historically lasted about 25 to 40 years. It also marked the first time that two hurricanes have formed in the Atlantic in any November. Credit: NASA’s Scientific Visualization Studio, By Alex Kekesi This exceeds the previous annual … The 2021 hurricane season will officially begin on June 1 and NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center will issue its initial seasonal outlook in May. “Throughout this relentless hurricane season, NOAA worked around-the-clock to provide critical data and reliable forecasts to our Nation’s communities in the path of devastating storms,” said U.S. Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross. One example is the landslide detection maps from the Semi-Automatic Landslide Detection (SALaD) project, which use machine learning to analyze data from commercial Planet Labs satellites and the European Space Agency (ESA) Copernicus Sentinel-2 satellite. An average season has 12 named storms, six hurricanes, and three major hurricanes. These conditions, combined with La Nina, helped make this record-breaking, extremely active hurricane season possible,” said Gerry Bell, Ph.D, lead seasonal hurricane forecaster at NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center. Nine tropical storms and two hurricanes have blustered into the Sunshine State in November. Through November 30, and the official end of the Atlantic hurricane season, several records were tied or broken. Using data from NASA’s Multiscale Ultrahigh Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (MUR SST) project, NASA created a temperature map that showed sea surfaces in the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico at least that warm or warmer, which allowed for support and strengthening Hurricanes Iota and Eta. Less than two weeks after being hit by category 4 Hurricane Eta, several Central American countries braced for the arrival of category 5 Hurricane Iota. Hurricane Eta ( a Category 1 ) on 11/4/2020 at approximately 5:25Z 28 from 2005, and Panama hurricanes of... 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